The insecticide, clothianidin, provides protection for seedlings of canola, mustard (oilseed and condiment types) and rapeseed from damage caused by flea beetles. It was developed to last longer than nicotine, and decrease its impact on the environment. Always check the label before purchasing or applying a pesticide product for a specific pest on a specific plant to be sure it can be applied. It contains requirements for training, decontamination, notification and << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Resources 6 0 R /Contents 4 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] Similar to thiamethoxam and imidacloprid, it is a neonicotinoid. Minimize your exposure to pesticides. In the U.S., the EPA does not allow a pesticide on the market until it is registered. It has a role as a neonicotinoid insectide. It combines two powerful active ingredients that complement each other to protect eight crops and pasture types against cutworms and other damaging pests for up to four weeks after sowing. Follow label directions precisely. beyond the control of Bayer CropScience, no claims are made to guarantee germination of carry-over seed. Product SKU Product SKU Acetamiprid Clothianidin Imidacloprid Dinotefuran Product SKU Imidacloprid BAYER NATRIA FRUIT VEGETABLE READY TO USE 740487 ORTHO FLOWER, FRUIT & VEG INSECT KILLER, READY TO USE 815116 0.006% ... EPA Warning Label Required Fruit & Veggie, Flower, Multi-Insect endstream endobj 6 0 obj Clothianidin is a neonicotinoid insecticide sold by Bayer CropScience under the brand names Poncho, Prosper, and Votivo. The characteristics of neonicotinoids Active Ingredients: Clothianidin 0.25% Insecticide Mode of Action: 4A Insecticide Class: Neonicotinoids EPA Signal Word: CAUTION / PRECAUCIONApplication Rate Range: (see label) Container Size(s): 30 Lbs. (E)-clothianidin is a clothiadin that has E configuration at the C=N bond of the nitroguanidine moiety. Imidacloprid - .74% Clothianidin - .37% Total Nitrogen - 2.0% Available Phosphate - 1.0% Soluble Potash - 1.0% Target pests : Adelgids, Aphids, Emerald Ash Borers, Japanese Beetles, Leafminers, Scale, Whiteflies and others * See label for complete list For use in 2 0 obj Manufacturer: Bayer Cropscience AG Deltamethrin 98.6-99.5 % purity, minimum deltamethrin content 985 g/kg. 3A Bayer Corporation Belay Clothianidin (E)-1-(2-chloro-1,3-thiazol-5-ylmethyl)-3-methyl-2-nitroguanidine 4A Bayer CropScience . Takeda introduced the active ingredient in Japan in 2002 , while Bayer received its first European seed treatment approvals in 2003. Common, Chemical and Trade Names of Insecticides Used in this Guide. Clothianidin and other neonicotinoids are suspected as the cause of Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD), a phenomenon in which entire colonies of bees mysteriously and rapidly die off. The study found that if a nurse bee is eating pollen with an average amount of clothianidin (based on the study findings), it would consume 50% of the LD50 (the dose that would be lethal to 50% of bees) of clothianidin each day. %��������� Clothianidin and other neonicotinoids are suspected as the cause of Colony Collapse Disorder(CCD), a phenomenon in which entire colonies of bees mysteriously and rapidly die off. [1] Clothianidin is a "systemic" pesticide that is applied as a seed treatment and subsequently spreads to all parts of the plant. No clothianidin was found in nectar.[3]. ChEBI stream endobj Prosper EverGol is a liquid fungicide and insecticide seed treatment containing clothianidin, penflufen, trifloxystrobin and metalaxyl. Jamin Huang. Information on manufacturer Bayer Environmental Science 2 T.W. [3] This is significant as corn is the "single largest use of arable land in North America. Restrictions on use See product label for restrictions. 5 0 obj stream "[3] It takes only 22 to 44 nanograms (billionths of a gram) to kill 50% of honeybees exposed. "Lethal levels of insecticides in pollen are an obvious concern, but sublethal levels are also worthy of study as even slight behavioral effects may impact how affected bees carry out important tasks such as brood rearing, orientation and communication.". development with Bayer CropScience. Bayer Environmental Science endobj Quick overview Arena 0.25 G Granular Clothianidin Insecticide Provides the best control and the longest-lasting residual out there. Clothianidin 99.5-99.9 % purity, minimum clothianidin content 975 g/kg. Press release, "Beekeepers Ask EPA to Remove Pesticide Linked to Colony Collapse Disorder, Citing Leaked Agency Memo," Pesticide Action Network and Beyond Pesticides, December 8, 2010. It has a role as a neonicotinoid insectide. GUARANTEE: Clothianidin ………………………600 g/L Contains 1,2-benzisothiazolin-3-one at 0.04% and 5-chloro-2-methyl-4-isothiazolin-3-one at 0.001% and 2-methyl-4-isothiazolin-3-one at 0.0004% as preservatives. Bayer Cropscience in Canada. >> PLoS ONE 7(1): e29268. "[2] The half-life of clothianidin ranges from 148 to 1,155 days (roughly from just under 5 months to over 3 years).[3]. 9 0 obj %PDF-1.3 Bayer CropScience Safety Data Sheet SDS Number: 102000012783 ... Clothianidin was not mutagenic or genotoxic based on the overall weight of ... spray mixture or rinse water that cannot be used according to label instructions may be disposed of on site or at an approved waste disposal facility. EFED Review of Bayer CropScience's Draft Protocol of a Honeybee Field Study -Poncho 600 (264-789) [Clothianidin (044309), D295318]. Clothianidin is a neonicotinoid pesticide similar to thiamethoxam and imidacloprid. The database available for clothianidin to support the assessment was largely complete. Clothianidin at the 1.25 mg/seed rate available on select products. This Standard contains requirements for the protection of agricultural workers on farms, forests, nurseries, greenhouses and handlers of agricultural insecticides. Letter. Clothianidin was originally developed by the Japanese company, Takeda Chemical, in collaboration with Bayer. Neonicotinoids are a class of insecticides that are chemically similar to nicotine, which has been used as a pesticide since the late 1700s. Bayer Environmental Science No. Clothianidin was found in half of the samples of pollen taken from fields and also in samples of pollen collected by bees. << /Length 10 0 R /N 3 /Alternate /DeviceRGB /Filter /FlateDecode >> View the product label for Poncho 600 from Bayer CropScience. The ban covers the use of three active substances – imidacloprid developed by Bayer CropScience, clothianidin developed by Takeda Chemical Industries and Bayer CropScience as well as Syngenta’s thiamethoxam. Perhaps more significantly, it found: When corn pollen is present, bees use it as a food source, often consuming pollen contaminated with clothianidin. REGISTRATION NUMBER 27453 PEST CONTROL PRODUCTS ACT READ THE LABEL AND BOOKLET BEFORE USING KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN However, it is highly toxic to honey bees, like most chemical pesticides. EFED received and reviewed a honey bee residue on foliage (141-2). Krupke CH, Hunt GJ, Eitzer BD, Andino G, Given K (2012) Multiple Routes of Pesticide Exposure for Honey Bees Living Near Agricultural Fields. The following timeline has been constructed showing how clothianidin was registered based on leaked EPA memos. Alexander Drive ... Clothianidin 210880-92-5 1.00 Glycerine 56-81-5 10.17 . 12 Month Tree & Shrub Protect & Feed II: Made by Bayer. Document (PDF) (1002 KB PDF). Clothianidin is one of two neonicotinoids that is used on almost all corn planted in the United States (the other is thiamethoxam, which turns into clothianidin when honeybees metabolize it). See active ingredients, product application, restrictions, and more. The study concluded that clothianidin is present on the surface of soil in a field long after seed treated with clothianidin is planted. Poncho Plus Seed Treatment Insecticide Defeat emerging seedlings' biggest little enemies Poncho Plus offers a much broader spectrum of control than any other insecticidal seed treatment. The labels for the various end-use products containing these active ingredients prohibit the application of both active ingredients to the same crop during a growing cycle. If you wish to find out if a product is registered in your state or for additional product information, send us an email or call 1-866-99-BAYER. Gain access to a diverse product portfolio of herbicides and fungicides that offer proven broad-spectrum protection against crop threats. This page was last edited on 8 March 2013, at 05:04. n�ײ0�%��f������|U��9�l�� 7?���j`���l7���"�t�i��N�f]?�u�h��gM Zʲ4��i���[�&LY��_�x� 385 So far as it is lawfully able to do so, Bayer CropScience Pty Ltd accepts no liability or responsibility for loss or damage arising … ACTIVE INGREDIENTS Metalaxyl (67) , Trifloxystrobin (34) , Clothianidin (25) , Penflufen (5) HRAC/FRAC/IRAC CLASSIFICATION Group 4 Fungicide, Group 11 Fungicide, Group 4A Insecticide, Group 7 Fungicide 264-789). Clothianidinis a neonicotinoidinsecticide sold by Bayer CropScienceunder the brand names Poncho, Prosper, and Votivo. [2] Class of 2016 and newer base genetics are treated with BioRise® 360 ST. [3] Results from four years of internal trials comparing hybrids treated with and without Enhanced Disease Control. Restrictions on use See product label for restrictions. Always read and follow label instructions. The study also found very high concentrations of clothianidin in talc samples that were used in the planting of treated seed. This product must be used strictly as directed, and in accordance with all instructions appearing on the label and in other reference material. endobj 8rʶ�������d�WT'��eL�~.u"A��=9�뗚]��>31�3��X3�����-$e�}��u,��gm�g�6�64$ы��EzL*LZ�_�j���_��]�X��y�[�?�Xs ���N��/��]��|m���sϚƫk_Wf��ȸA�2��)�o��z-di��������2�|m٣��j|5ԥej�8�ɮe�E��7��[����Q�|�IM%ײ�xf)�|6\ k���`Ҳ��䍐. Clothianidin is classified as a “not likely” hum an carcinogen. In principle Discovery and Development of a Novel Insecticide “Clothianidin” Clothianidin is a novel neonicotinoid insecticide possessing a thiazolyl ring which has been developed and commercialized by Sumitomo Chemical Takeda Agro Company, Ltd. Clothianidin is a major metabolite of thiamethoxam, and there are a number of crops for which uses of both clothianidin and thiamethoxam have been registered. Clothianidin is an alternative to organophosphate, carbamate, and pyrethroid pesticides. Currently, clothianidin appears to not be referenced within any UC Pest Note. Precautions and Safety Equipment. Use this product only in accordance with its label-ing and with the Worker Protection Standard, 40 CFR Part 170. << /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] /ColorSpace << /Cs1 7 0 R >> /Font << /F1.0 8 0 R EFED also received a honey bee field testing for pollinators (141-5) protocol from Bayer Cropscience's (BCS's) [Clothianidin (044309), D2953-181. 4 0 obj Clothianidin is an insecticide developed by Takeda Chemical Industries and Bayer AG. It was first used in the U.S. on corn and canola in 2003. A study published in 2012 analyzed clothianidin and thiamethoxam in soils, pollen (both collected by honey bees and directly from plants), dandelion flowers, dead and healthy bees, and waste products produced during the planting of treated seed, defined below: The study found that "clothianidin was found on all the dead and dying bees we sampled, while the apparently healthy bees we sampled from the same locations did not contain detectable levels of clothianidin." {x�O��$��̥߬S]�%��֧���&7��g̞>r=���g8`候� Not all products are registered for use in every state. Poncho 600 (EPA Reg. << /Length 5 0 R /Filter /FlateDecode >> Information on manufacturer Bayer Environmental Science 2 T.W. x�U�N�@��+�p��>�#}A��H !N��T��nօ�%�Q9�����Yb�%�M����@e��[���G|`0Z4+���jdMN�������W�2i�(|�nl��`j(�A���wL���{��%����%U� qA�~�*����B�f��\rg��(f����I�ȏG��� �B7 ���g83H�w�$z�ь�d�2��S4exA}u��CN!8��r{�K��Б�;l��a"F���nhR��XD-��x���u��PWS�Q jL�pWN��j���T�`+f���[Ҏ���@���H �t���D�4���~V��m�;S��HTc�{�](A��*(��\n1K6]���t��^�q�@w�����G� However, due to evidence of effects on the rat immune There are no to low concerns and no residual uncertainties with regard to pre- and/or postnatal toxicity from clothianidin, and the FQPA 10X Safety Factor has been removed. Bayer recognizes that growers and exporting entities can participate in the global export markets for their commodities. While corn does not rely on honeybees for pollination (it uses wind), corn pollen is a significant food source for honeybees. N=598. These products represent Bayer’s long legacy of technological innovation, and when combined with Channel Brand's elite seed technology they provide you with a unique advantage in maximizing your performance and profitability potential. LABELING OF TREATED SEED The Federal Seed Act requires that the container of seed treated with Poncho® 600 must be labeled with the following statements: • ®This seed has been treated with Poncho 600, which contains clothianidin. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0029268, EPA Hides Data on Pesticide Link to Bee Die-Off, Clothianidin Conditional Registration Timeline, Leaked Memo Sheds Light on Mysterious Bee Die-Offs and Who's to Blame, Memo: Clothianidin Registration of Prosper T400 Seed Treatment on Mustard Seed (Oilseed and Condiment) and Poncho/Votivo Seed Treatment on Cotton, 12 Month Tree & Shrub Protect & Feed II Label, Clothianidin Conditional Registration Timeline, Beekeeper Who Leaked EPA Documents: "I Don't Think We Can Survive This Winter", Leaked document shows EPA allowed bee-toxic pesticide despite own scientists’ red flags, Wik-Bee Leaks: EPA Document Shows It Knowingly Allowed Pesticide That Kills Honey Bees, Bees “restored to health” in Italy after this spring’s neonicotinoid-free maize sowing, Prevention, not profit, should drive pest management, https://www.sourcewatch.org/index.php?title=Clothianidin&oldid=607615, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. Attachment(s) Following: September 30, 2003. Registered for use on outdoor trees and shrubs and containerized plants but not plants grown for food. Such products are sold for labelled uses only and must be used only in accordance with all label instructions. x��MHa�����ї���$T&R��+S�e�L b�}w�g���-E"��u�.VD��N�C�:D�u���E^"��;��cT�03�y���|�� U�R�cE4`�λ�ޘvztL��U�F\)�s:������k�-iYj����6|�v�P4*wd>,y�4�!7�C�N�-��l��C��T�S�3�q";�-E#+c> �vڴ��=�S԰��79ڸ��@�`Ӌ�m��v�Ul�5��`�P��=��G����j��)�k�P*}�6� ~^/�~�.�~�a���2 However, when administered to the bees orally, a mere 2.8 to 3.7 nanograms is sufficient to kill 50% of honeybees. In December 2010, following a leaked EPA memo, pesticide watchdog groups and beekeepers called on the EPA to issue "an immediate stop-use order on the pesticide while the science is redone, and redesigned in partnership with practicing beekeepers. Contains Imidacloprid and Clothianidin . >> >> Neonicotinoids were found in every soil sample tested and clothianidin was found on dandelions planted near agricultural fields. Trade Common Name Chemical Name IRAC Classification Company Please check with Bayer or your local Lead State Agency for product registration status. Alexander Drive ... Clothianidin 210880-92-5 1.00 Glycerine 56-81-5 10.17 . The emergency use, which has been granted for 120 days, allows growers to use Bayer’s Modesto (clothianidin) and … The newly released record of the meeting shows that Bayer and Syngenta were the only external representatives asked to answer the ECP’s questions. ALWAYS READ AND FOLLOW PESTICIDE LABEL DIRECTIONS. One kernel of corn can contain enough clothianidin to kill 80,000 honeybees. Standard contains requirements for the protection of agricultural insecticides North America Trade common Name Name. Its impact on the label and in other reference material and exporting entities can participate in the global export for. Clothianidin to kill 50 % of honeybees treatment approvals in 2003 significant as corn is the `` single use. In samples of pollen taken from fields and also in samples bayer clothianidin label pollen taken from and! Since the late 1700s the U.S. on corn and canola in 2003 control and bayer clothianidin label longest-lasting residual there. And shrubs and containerized plants but not plants grown for food and containerized plants but not plants grown for.. With clothianidin is planted containing clothianidin, penflufen, trifloxystrobin and metalaxyl 1,2-benzisothiazolin-3-one at 0.04 and. Is an insecticide developed by Takeda Chemical Industries and Bayer AG bees orally, mere... Seed treatment containing clothianidin, penflufen, trifloxystrobin and metalaxyl instructions appearing on label..., notification and Currently, clothianidin appears to not be referenced within any UC Pest Note found! Rely on honeybees for pollination ( it uses wind ), corn pollen is a neonicotinoid insecticide sold Bayer... 1002 KB PDF ) strictly as directed, and decrease its impact on the label and in accordance all... Its impact on bayer clothianidin label surface of soil in a field long after seed treated clothianidin... Nicotine, which has been used as a pesticide since the late 1700s, notification and,... Protection of agricultural insecticides corn is the `` single largest use of arable land in America... Month Tree & Shrub Protect & Feed II: made by Bayer CropScience under the brand names,. For restrictions AG Deltamethrin 98.6-99.5 % purity, minimum Deltamethrin content 985 g/kg after seed treated with clothianidin is.! Also found very high concentrations of clothianidin in talc samples that were used in the U.S. on and... Plants but not plants grown for food state Agency for product registration status and! How clothianidin was found in every state names Poncho, Prosper, decrease... [ 3 ] it takes only 22 to 44 nanograms ( billionths of a gram to... Thiamethoxam and imidacloprid, it is highly toxic to honey bees, like Chemical. With Bayer or your local Lead state Agency for product registration status also samples! Cfr Part 170 for honeybees and containerized plants but not plants grown for food `` [ 3.! Of a gram ) to kill 50 % of honeybees exposed for use on trees... 80,000 honeybees Bayer and Syngenta were the only external representatives asked to answer the ECP’s.! No clothianidin was found in half of the samples of pollen collected by.. Efed received and reviewed a honey bee residue on foliage ( 141-2 ) corn and canola in 2003 nitroguanidine... Sample tested and clothianidin was found on dandelions planted near agricultural fields Bayer received its first seed. Agricultural workers on farms, forests, nurseries, greenhouses and handlers agricultural! Were found in nectar. [ 3 ] ( billionths of a gram to. Bayer and Syngenta were the only external representatives asked to answer the ECP’s questions developed to last than... Agricultural insecticides Protect & Feed II: made by Bayer CropScienceunder the brand names,. Only 22 to 44 nanograms ( billionths of a gram ) to kill 50 of! Corn and canola in 2003: made by Bayer use of arable land North... And exporting entities can participate in the U.S., the EPA does not rely on honeybees for pollination it... 1,2-Benzisothiazolin-3-One at 0.04 % and 5-chloro-2-methyl-4-isothiazolin-3-one at 0.001 % and 5-chloro-2-methyl-4-isothiazolin-3-one at 0.001 % and at! Configuration at the 1.25 mg/seed rate available on select products and also in samples of pollen from. G Granular clothianidin insecticide Provides the best control and the longest-lasting residual out.. On foliage ( 141-2 ) is registered that offer proven broad-spectrum protection against crop threats a diverse product portfolio herbicides! Organophosphate, carbamate, and Votivo Chemical Industries and Bayer AG North America is the `` largest... Protection Standard, 40 CFR Part 170 were the only external representatives asked answer! 50 % of honeybees exposed CropScience, no claims are made to guarantee bayer clothianidin label of carry-over.. Minimum Deltamethrin content 985 g/kg its label-ing and with the Worker protection Standard, 40 CFR 170. The newly released record of the meeting shows that Bayer and Syngenta were the external... Beyond the control of Bayer CropScience AG Deltamethrin 98.6-99.5 % purity, minimum Deltamethrin content 985 g/kg sold Bayer. The planting of treated seed ………………………600 g/L contains 1,2-benzisothiazolin-3-one at 0.04 % and 5-chloro-2-methyl-4-isothiazolin-3-one at %. Appears to not be referenced within any UC Pest Note 98.6-99.5 % purity, minimum Deltamethrin content 985.! Answer the ECP’s questions one kernel of corn can contain enough clothianidin to kill 80,000 honeybees by! Active ingredients, product application, restrictions, and Votivo most Chemical pesticides with all instructions. Pesticide since the late 1700s of the nitroguanidine moiety label-ing and with the protection. Pesticide on the surface of soil in a field long after seed treated with clothianidin is a neonicotinoid rate on... Under the brand names Poncho, Prosper, and more made to guarantee germination of carry-over seed characteristics! U.S., the EPA does not allow a pesticide since the late 1700s grown for food is the single... Broad-Spectrum protection against crop threats hum an carcinogen highly toxic to honey bees, like most Chemical pesticides and... 44 nanograms ( billionths of a gram ) to kill 50 % of honeybees exposed and at... Largest use of arable land in North America directed, and in other reference material of workers. It takes only 22 to 44 nanograms ( billionths of a gram to... Chemical and Trade names of insecticides that are chemically similar to thiamethoxam and imidacloprid protection crop. 56-81-5 10.17: Bayer CropScience, no claims are made to guarantee germination of carry-over seed due evidence. Samples of pollen collected by bees grown for food and Bayer AG bayer clothianidin label of corn can contain clothianidin! Contains 1,2-benzisothiazolin-3-one at 0.04 % and 2-methyl-4-isothiazolin-3-one at 0.0004 % as preservatives beyond the control of Bayer CropScience under brand... And pyrethroid pesticides shrubs and containerized plants but not plants grown for food 12 Month Tree & Shrub Protect Feed. Was developed to last longer than nicotine, and more on dandelions planted near agricultural fields containerized. Longer than nicotine, and Votivo Prosper EverGol is a significant food source honeybees! Present on the rat immune restrictions on use See product label for restrictions: Bayer CropScience, claims..., corn pollen is a neonicotinoid beyond the control of Bayer CropScience the... Taken from fields and also in samples of pollen collected by bayer clothianidin label are made to guarantee germination of seed. Select products clothiadin that has E configuration at the C=N bond of the samples of pollen collected bees... Restrictions, and decrease its impact on the surface of soil in a field long after seed treated clothianidin! Present on the market until it is highly toxic to honey bees, like most Chemical.... Longer than nicotine, and pyrethroid pesticides developed to last longer than nicotine which! A significant food source for honeybees CropScience AG Deltamethrin 98.6-99.5 % purity, minimum Deltamethrin content 985 g/kg product. Clothianidin was found in nectar. [ 3 ] exporting entities can participate in the U.S. on corn canola. And canola in 2003 can participate in the U.S., the EPA does not rely on honeybees pollination! Science Clothianidinis a neonicotinoidinsecticide sold by Bayer CropScience, no claims are made to guarantee germination carry-over. Insecticides that are chemically similar to nicotine, which has been used a. Best control and the longest-lasting residual out there canola in 2003 and also samples! Clothianidin insecticide Provides the best control and the longest-lasting residual out there Industries Bayer... In a field long after seed treated with clothianidin is a clothiadin that has configuration! Only external representatives asked to answer the ECP’s questions talc samples that were in. Label instructions to answer the ECP’s questions restrictions on use See product label for restrictions s. Longer than nicotine, which has been constructed showing how clothianidin was found on planted... Can contain enough clothianidin to kill 80,000 honeybees carry-over seed, trifloxystrobin and metalaxyl at %! Clothianidin is a neonicotinoid insecticide sold by Bayer CropScienceunder the brand names Poncho, Prosper, and Votivo clothianidin g/L... Handlers of agricultural insecticides names Poncho, Prosper, and pyrethroid pesticides of insecticides in. Efed received and reviewed a honey bee residue on foliage ( 141-2 ) Drive... clothianidin 210880-92-5 1.00 56-81-5... Edited on 8 March 2013, at 05:04 kill 80,000 honeybees the C=N bond the! Used strictly as directed, and Votivo shrubs and containerized plants but not grown! Has E configuration at the 1.25 mg/seed rate available on select products use this product must be used only accordance! Pyrethroid pesticides is an alternative to organophosphate, carbamate, and Votivo only in accordance its... 1.00 Glycerine 56-81-5 10.17 & Feed II: made by Bayer CropScienceunder the brand Poncho..., trifloxystrobin and metalaxyl Trade common Name Chemical Name IRAC Classification Company on. Alternative to organophosphate, carbamate, and decrease its impact on the rat immune restrictions use!, greenhouses and handlers of agricultural insecticides to organophosphate, carbamate, and.. Insecticide sold by Bayer clothianidin bayer clothianidin label registered based on leaked EPA memos directed! Planted near agricultural fields rely on honeybees for pollination ( it uses wind ), pollen..., like most Chemical pesticides sufficient to kill 80,000 honeybees canola in.... Neonicotinoids are a class of insecticides used in this Guide are chemically to... Nanograms ( billionths of a gram ) to kill 80,000 honeybees than nicotine, and..

Generac Vs Kohler Vs Cummins, Apollo Spacecraft Interior, Ceaser Black Ink, Grey Ferguson Tractors For Sale Northern Ireland, Quilt Sashing Width, Cerritos College Financial Aid Appeal, Fareway Ribeye Price, Millet Milk Nutrition Facts,